Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding

We manufacture fiber composite plastics by using the RTM vacuum process (VA-RTM).

In RTM processes, fiber mats are soaked with resin in the mold and hardened with the addition of heat. This process is particularly well suited to producing components with smooth surfaces on both sides. This process produces components made of fiber-reinforced plastics in large quantities. Complex geometries can be realized with the help of vacuum.

We specialize in the VA-RTM process, a manufacturing method in which resins and glass fiber are processed in the form of mats into components made of fiberglass reinforced plastics (FRP) by means of an injection process supported by vacuum.

In this method of manufacturing, special glass fiber mats are impregnated with synthetic resins in a mold. It is a closed process in two-part molds made of plastic. These are manufactured in our in-house mold shop according to the C.F. Maier standard. This enables us to guarantee a high level of process reliability.

As a rule, in the RTM process, a surface gelcoat is first applied to one side of the mold and then the fiber reinforcement is inserted if necessary with a rigid foam core. If necessary, local metal or wood inserts, cables and empty tubes are added to sandwich parts. Before the mold is closed and locked – a separate clamping machine is not required – the resin is fed in, from which microcellular structural rigid foam is produced with vacuum assistance. It encases the fiber reinforcement together with the inserts. The vacuum ensures that the foam resin is completely and evenly distributed inside the mold.

The result is smooth components with a high surface quality on both sides, which are finished by machining on CNC equipment. The use of gelcoat means that further painting is not absolutely necessary. The part surfaces and contours are tool-defined. The process produces components with low weight and high load-bearing capacity at the same time.

A particular advantage of the process is the possibility of producing very large-area parts. This does not have to involve only flat parts. Heavily deformed vehicle fronts for motor homes show that there are virtually no limits to design wishes.

Sandwich parts receive either rigid foam cores made from sheet material or molded foam inserts, which we produce in-house and which may well have local wall thickness differences. Other filler materials are also used. Sandwich construction improves the stiffness, heat and sound insulation of the finished plastic part.

The possibility of integrating all conceivable inserts in sandwich parts means that enormous savings can be made in assembly costs. For example, in the case of a motorhome rear wall, the wiring for the taillights and license plate lighting can already be integrated, while the inner surface is prepared for the installation of wall cabinets, lighting fixtures, etc., or otherwise serves as a functional surface.

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